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5 Places Jesus Walked Before the Cross

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November 12th, 2020

Visit Jerusalem and Retrace Jesus’ Steps

We shared with you a list of 10 places in Israel where Jesus walked. From biblical accounts and archeological discoveries, we can draw out a pretty accurate map of where Jesus spent His life on earth.

Now we invite you on yet another journey in Jesus’ steps – but this time specifically in and around Jerusalem

Some locations seem more significant than others, especially when all four Gospels mention them. Our previous list included 10 remarkable spots in the Galilee and Judea. This time, let’s venture into this extraordinary city, to see where Jesus walked in His last days. 

Jesus visited Jerusalem many times throughout his life. But the week leading up to the Cross was filled with the most significant and life-changing events. What happened in these seven days shaped history. 

Here are five locations where Jesus was in the days leading up to the Cross:

1. Eastern Gate (Golden Gate)

The Sunday before Jesus’ death and resurrection opens the so-called “Holy Week” in the Christian calendar. It is not accidental that this is the day we start commemorating Jesus’ greatest sacrifice. That Sunday He arrived in Jerusalem, prepared for what was to come.

It was the day of the Triumphant Entry – after telling His disciples to find a donkey, Jesus rode on the animal into the city through the Eastern Gate. The crowds welcomed Him with palm branches and shouted “Hosanna!”, meaning ‘save us’. 

The famous Eastern Gate is also called the Golden Gate (the original one, with San Francisco adopting the name). To get the best view of it, go up the western incline of the Mount of Olives. From what we understand, this is where Jesus walked very often.

Pro tip: if you get a chance to visit the Temple Mount, you can get pretty close to the Eastern Gate from the inside.

eastern gate

2. Upper Room

The day before He was betrayed, Jesus observed the first evening of Passover with His disciples. They borrowed a room from an unnamed man and followed the traditional order (in Hebrew “Seder”) of the Passover meal.

Jesus arrived at this location to inaugurate communion – what we call “the Lord’s Supper”. Here, He told His disciples that His blood would be shed for the forgiveness of sins (Matthew 26:28). It was a touching night for everyone involved. 

The spot considered to be location of the Last Supper has been rebuilt by the crusaders. Today, it is a beautiful hall where you are welcome to pray and worship with your group (which is not always the case at other historical sites).

This traditional setting is located right above the Tomb of David, another significant location frequented by the Jewish people.

the upper room

3. Garden of Gethsemane

Here, among the olive trees, Jesus and His disciples spent a lot of quality time with each other and with the Father. Usually they came here to rest, pray and admire Jerusalem from an excellent vantage point.

But that particular week, their time on this hill was different. It was in the Garden of Gethsemane where Jesus was betrayed. Mere hours before that happened, the Messiah was pouring out His soul to His Father. He was in such agony that His sweat dropped like blood. 

We know for a fact that Jesus walked all over the Mount of Olives regularly. The Garden of Gethsemane today is still an olive grove, home to centuries-old olive trees.

Current residents split up the western slope of the Mount of Olives into smaller properties, but several of them are still open to visitors. 

garden of gethsemane

4. House of Caiaphas 

When Jesus was arrested in the Garden of Gethsemane, after Judas betrayed Him, the Temple guards took Him to the house of Caiaphas, the high priest. Peter followed the crowd that took Jesus away.

It was in Caiaphas’s courtyard where bystanders asked Peter, if He was a follower of Jesus. Peter denied this three times. At this location, Caiaphas charged Jesus with blasphemy and held overnight in a cellar prison. 

The Church of Saint Peter in Gallicantu was built on top of an ancient prison area. Many believe this is where Jesus was held that night. The first-century caves and cisterns are open to visitors and are definitely worth seeing.

house of caiaphas

5. Garden Tomb / Holy Sepulchre 

The last location on our list is the one that carries the most weight. This perplexing week in Jerusalem, that started with Jesus’ triumphant entry and was about to end in heartbreak, concluded at “a place called Golgotha, that is to say, Place of a Skull” (Matthew 27:33).

Many witnessed Jesus’ death on the Cross. Soon after, a few faithful followers laid Him to rest in a tomb in nearby garden. But three days later He rose again!

There are two sites in Jerusalem that commemorate these events. The Holy Sepulchre, in the Christian Quarter of the Old City, is an old and complex church building reaching the 4th century.

Outside the present-day city walls there is also the Garden Tomb. Discovered in the 20th century, the site includes an empty tomb, ancient cisterns and is located right next to a hill resembling a skull. 

garden tomb

We hope that the above list, coupled with the 10 Places Where Jesus Walked, inspired you to study the land of the Bible more. May it give you something to look forward to on your next trip to Israel!

Have you walked in the footsteps of Jesus? Join us next year on our Jerusalem Encounter tour!

 

 

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Estimated reading time: 6 minutes

Estera Wieja
Estera Wieja is a journalist, book author and public speaker, focused on the topics of Israel, Jewish history, and Judeo-Christian culture. Born and raised in Poland, Estera is a regular contributor to "Our Inspirations" magazine in Poland. She holds a Bachelor degree in Communications and Media from Azusa Pacific University (California, USA), and a Master degree in Journalism from University of Warsaw, Poland. Estera has lived in Jerusalem, Israel for several years before joining the staff at FIRM in 2018.
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